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The Actual Impact of Discount Contracts on the ...
33,90 € *
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Different assumptions show that discount policies or tendering systems are the optimal governmental intervention to counteract the growth of the health care system expenditures. The main reason for these expectations is the rapid reduction in the costs of pharmaceutical drugs by applying the exclusive supplement concept on the pharmaceutical industry. The same as in the rest of Europe, in Germany there is a high demand to reduce the health care system expenditures, and utilize the scarce resources efficiently. Thus, it is not surprising that the German government has followed the experience of the European countries, and introduced a discount contract policy that is targeting the pharmaceutical industry in the first place. It is simple to say that the policy has achieved a rapid impact on the pharmaceutical expenditures. However, it is difficult to estimate to what extent the policy would influence the general structure of the German health market in the far or even the near future. Therefore, the study aimed to partially evaluate the actual impact of the Discount contract policy on the German health market.

Anbieter: Dodax AT
Stand: 23.01.2020
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Yazgi, B: Actual Impact of Discount Contracts o...
32,90 € *
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Erscheinungsdatum: 26.09.2014, Medium: Taschenbuch, Einband: Kartoniert / Broschiert, Titel: The Actual Impact of Discount Contracts on the German Health System, Titelzusatz: A Retrospective Evaluation of the Tendering System Effects on the German Health Market Structure and Performance, Autor: Yazgi, Basem, Verlag: AV Akademikerverlag, Sprache: Englisch, Rubrik: Wirtschaft // Sonstiges, Seiten: 124, Informationen: Paperback, Gewicht: 203 gr, Verkäufer: averdo

Anbieter: averdo
Stand: 23.01.2020
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Schaum's Outline of Mathematics of Finance
20,55 € *
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The ideal review for your financial mathematics courseMore than 40 million students have trusted Schaum's Outlines for their expert knowledge and helpful solved problems. Written by renowned experts in their respective fields, Schaum's Outlines cover everything from math to science, nursing to language. The main feature for all these books is the solved problems. Step-by-step, authors walk readers through coming up with solutions to exercises in their topic of choice.Coverage of a wide variety of practical applications using actual business and financial transactionsEach chapter presents principles and formulas, together with solved problems relevant to each subtopic, followed by a set of supplementary problems with answersReview problems at the end of the book for additional study or self-testingChapter topics include: Exponents and logarithms, Progressions, Simple interest and discount, Compound interest and discount, Simple annuities, General and other annuities, Amortization and sinking funds, Bonds: Capital Budgeting and depreciation, Contingent payments, Life annuities and life insurance

Anbieter: Dodax AT
Stand: 23.01.2020
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Schaum's Outline of Mathematics of Finance
15,75 € *
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The ideal review for your financial mathematics courseMore than 40 million students have trusted Schaum's Outlines for their expert knowledge and helpful solved problems. Written by renowned experts in their respective fields, Schaum's Outlines cover everything from math to science, nursing to language. The main feature for all these books is the solved problems. Step-by-step, authors walk readers through coming up with solutions to exercises in their topic of choice.Coverage of a wide variety of practical applications using actual business and financial transactionsEach chapter presents principles and formulas, together with solved problems relevant to each subtopic, followed by a set of supplementary problems with answersReview problems at the end of the book for additional study or self-testingChapter topics include: Exponents and logarithms, Progressions, Simple interest and discount, Compound interest and discount, Simple annuities, General and other annuities, Amortization and sinking funds, Bonds: Capital Budgeting and depreciation, Contingent payments, Life annuities and life insurance

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 23.01.2020
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Planning Fallacy
35,00 € *
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High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! The planning fallacy is the tendency to underestimate task-completion times. Real-life examples in public policy may include the construction of the Sydney Opera House and the Big Dig, both of which ran many years past their planned schedule. In a 1994 study, 37 psychology students were asked to estimate how long it would take to finish their senior theses. The average estimate was 33.9 days. They also estimated how long it would take "if everything went as well as it possibly could" (averaging 27.4 days) and "if everything went as poorly as it possibly could" (averaging 48.6 days). The average actual completion time was 55.5 days, with only about 30% of the students completing their thesis in the amount of time they predicted. One explanation, focalism, may account for the mental discounting of off-project risks. People formulating the plan may eliminate factors they perceive to lie outside the specifics of the project. Additionally, they may discount multiple improbable high-impact risks because each one is so unlikely to happen.

Anbieter: Dodax AT
Stand: 23.01.2020
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Effects of Monetary and Fiscal Policy Shocks on...
37,00 € *
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One of the biggest and most influential challenges in countries and economic systems is to achieve the intended objectives towards prosperity and employment which is fulfilled by relying on both of the monetary and fiscal policies in macroeconomic. The main objective of monetary and fiscal policies is economic growth and increasing the government revenue and aggregate supply. Monetary policies, which are adopted by the central bank, change the money supply through changes in banks' required reserve rate, changes in the discount rate, open market operations. Fiscal policy is also formed based on the tools of government spending and tax rates. Meanwhile, the of the output gap benchmark is used for analyzing business cycles (the difference between actual and potential output). The present study is conducted to evaluate the asymmetric effects of monetary and fiscal policies shocks on the business cycles, in the period 1976-2014 using ARDL in Iran. The results suggest that monetary and fiscal policies affect the business cycles in Iran and the effects of positive fiscal policies are larger than the effects of the monetary policies.

Anbieter: Dodax AT
Stand: 23.01.2020
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Planning Fallacy
34,00 € *
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High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! The planning fallacy is the tendency to underestimate task-completion times. Real-life examples in public policy may include the construction of the Sydney Opera House and the Big Dig, both of which ran many years past their planned schedule. In a 1994 study, 37 psychology students were asked to estimate how long it would take to finish their senior theses. The average estimate was 33.9 days. They also estimated how long it would take "if everything went as well as it possibly could" (averaging 27.4 days) and "if everything went as poorly as it possibly could" (averaging 48.6 days). The average actual completion time was 55.5 days, with only about 30% of the students completing their thesis in the amount of time they predicted. One explanation, focalism, may account for the mental discounting of off-project risks. People formulating the plan may eliminate factors they perceive to lie outside the specifics of the project. Additionally, they may discount multiple improbable high-impact risks because each one is so unlikely to happen.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 23.01.2020
Zum Angebot
Effects of Monetary and Fiscal Policy Shocks on...
35,90 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

One of the biggest and most influential challenges in countries and economic systems is to achieve the intended objectives towards prosperity and employment which is fulfilled by relying on both of the monetary and fiscal policies in macroeconomic. The main objective of monetary and fiscal policies is economic growth and increasing the government revenue and aggregate supply. Monetary policies, which are adopted by the central bank, change the money supply through changes in banks' required reserve rate, changes in the discount rate, open market operations. Fiscal policy is also formed based on the tools of government spending and tax rates. Meanwhile, the of the output gap benchmark is used for analyzing business cycles (the difference between actual and potential output). The present study is conducted to evaluate the asymmetric effects of monetary and fiscal policies shocks on the business cycles, in the period 1976-2014 using ARDL in Iran. The results suggest that monetary and fiscal policies affect the business cycles in Iran and the effects of positive fiscal policies are larger than the effects of the monetary policies.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 23.01.2020
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The Actual Impact of Discount Contracts on the ...
32,99 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

The Actual Impact of Discount Contracts on the German Health System ab 32.99 € als Taschenbuch: A Retrospective Evaluation of the Tendering System Effects on the German Health Market Structure and. Aus dem Bereich: Bücher, Wissenschaft, Wirtschaftswissenschaft,

Anbieter: hugendubel
Stand: 23.01.2020
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